Characteristics of instructional uses of technology in 1993
- Student access to computing has improved dramatically.
- 1981: 156 FTSE/terminal-microcomputer
- 1986: 17 FTSE/terminal-microcomputer (Note: FTSE fell slightly from 1981)
- 1992: 7.7 FTSE/terminal-microcomputer (Note: FTSE rose 40% from 1986)
(FTSE: Full Time Student Equivalent, based on 15 credit hours/semester or 30 per year.)
- More difficult to quantify is the increase in the number and
quality and variety of computer application programs that are
appropriate for instruction. Students in 1993 still use word
processing, spreadsheets, databases and drafting packages. They are
still learning to program a variety of computer languages. But they
are also using desktop publishing programs, presentation graphics,
Electronic Forum, animation programs, and are beginning to use
sophisticated Computer Algebra Systems for some mathematics classes.
- Nearly all faculty and staff have a desktop workstation, usually
a microcomputer, as an assumed part of their office furniture. In
1993 less than 1/5 of the workstations are terminals, a reversal of
the 1981 ratio.
- In 1993 nearly all employee workstations are networked, not only
to the VAX network as terminals, but also to each other. There are
over 100 local area networks in the district, bridged to ethernet,
sharing printing resources. Use of file serving is growing, though
this remains an under-utilized resource.
- Nine sites have satellite downlinks.
- Nine sites have the ability to send video across the microwave network.
Computers/Terminals in the Maricopa District, Summer 1992*
Fac/Staff Fac/Staff Student Student FTSE per
College Terminals Micros Terminals Micros Student Station
DO 180 644
PC 196 545 7 542 11.7
GCC 189 505 84 1183 6.6
GWCC 90 274 21 446 3.5
MCC 354 784 33 759 12.0
SCC 89 397 21 411 10.4
RSCC 44 195 0 237 4.6
SMCC 69 195 0 237 5.3
CGCC 46 108 1 209 6.7
PVCC 62 233 0 470 4.4
*EMCCC 33 185 0 80 6.9
District Average 7.7
* figures for EMCCC are from 1993, reflecting the move into new
facilities and computer purchases during the 1992-93 academic year.
The other colleges made minor purchases of computers during the
1992-93, more or less matching the number of computers taken out of
It's a River, Not a Lake: Characteristics of instructional uses...
© January 1994
Maricopa Center for Learning and Instruction (MCLI)
Maricopa Community Colleges
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